Handball Injuries – Dislocated shoulder

Handball has always been a high impact sport but over the years it has developed into a sport characterized by a noticeable increase in speed, intensity and force – with more injuries as a result. In Rehband’s “Complete Guide – The 11 Most Common Injuries In Handball” you can learn about the most common injuries in handball today. What are the causes and symptoms, and what can you do to prevent injuries and alleviate pain if you’re affected?  This article is focused on Dislocated Shoulders. 

A shoulder jumping out of its joints usually happens if you fall on an outstretched arm or get a strain in the throwing arm. A dislocated shoulder often results in damage to cartilage, ligaments and joint capsules. The risk of recurrence is high, therefore rehabilitation and regular specific shoulder exercises are very important in order to stay active and play handball!

Possible Causes

  • Previously dislocated shoulder.
  • Weakness or imbalance in muscle strength and control around the shoulder joint, arm and shoulder.
  • Hypermobility in the shoulder joint.


  • Severe pain.
  • On the dislocated shoulder a contour difference can often be seen, a bending of the muscle around the shoulder joint (deltoid).


  • Treatment with ice, for pain relief. The shoulder should be placed under the care of a medically trained person. It should be ensured that soft tissues, nerves, and blood vessels are not damaged. A correct diagnosis should be ensured.
  • Shoulder protection can be used immediately after resetting, for pain relief and help with stimulation. (Shoulder protection?) can then be used throughout the rehabilitation and thereafter, for increased safety and reduced risk of recurrence of the injury.
  • Rehab programme as prescribed by a doctor or physiotherapist.
  • Regular exercise of shoulder stability to avoid recurrence of the injury.

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