Damage to the meniscus

This injury may be sustained on both the inside and the outside of the knee. In younger people, damage to the meniscus is often sustained during sports activities, and violent twisting is the most common cause of this. In middleaged and elderly people, damage to the meniscus may be sustained with relatively little force, such as when standing up from crouching.

 

Symptoms
– Pain on twisting, hyperextension and deep knee-bending.
– Locking sensation, getting stuck.
– Pain on pressure. Impaired mobility in the knee.
– Pain on pressure over the joint space, and possibly swelling.
– Reduced strength in the front thigh muscle.

 

Possible causes
Violent twisting. Hyperextension. Deep knee-bending (elderly people).

 

Treatment
Operation in which the damaged part of the meniscus is removed or sewn together. Rehabilitation programme gradually increasing in intensity. No return to sport until satisfactory mobility, strength, balance and coor- dination have been achieved. Use a brace to complement rehabilitation.